le Grand Duc

le Grand Duc was a popular nightclub in Paris in the 1920s, which catered to black entertainers and audiences. Louis Armstrong, Josephine Baker, Bricktop, Florence Jones and many other famous black entertainers of the day preformed there. The club was owned by Eugene Bullard, the first American black pilot in WWI. Rejected by the U.S. air corps because of his race, Eugene French air force and was known as the “Black Shadow of Death.” During WWII, he was a spy for the French resistance and a civil rights activist in the United States.

One of his dishwashers at the club was Langston Hughes who was to become one of the most famous black jazz poets, novelist and social activist of his time.  Bob & Muriel loved the atmosphere and entertainment at le Grand Duc and often dined there.